Advantages And Disadvantages Of Living In A City And In The Countryside

     

Some Advantages and disadvantages of living in the đô thị Can be easy access to public services or contamination , Respectively.

The cities are the oldest khung of urbanization, with more than 10 thousand years of antiquity. They carry out economic, administrative and political activities that influence the localities nearby.




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They need infrastructures such as roads, educational centers, health, aqueducts and transport that allow the activities of residents and foreigners.

They can be defined from a determined number of inhabitants and the square kilometers where they reside.

For example, nước australia defines cities from 1,000 inhabitants. Its borders are defined by municipal development legislation, which is appropriate for each country, which also establishes the powers of municipalities and parliaments.

Municipalities are responsible for overseeing public service activities such as regulating traffic, providing primary health care, supervising cleaning contractors, education at pre-school và primary levels, as well as citizen security coordinated with Regional & national authorities.

The municipal parliaments are responsible for overseeing, controlling and legislating the management of municipalities. A đô thị where several municipalities can size a metropolitan area, allowing easy access khổng lồ the main public services of education, health, recreation areas and the development of manufacturing & commercial activities.

Cities have Noise pollution , of the air , Water & soil. Other disadvantages are: limited space for the development of new urbanities with all basic public services, evasion or non-collection of municipal taxes, lack of citizen security and deficit of public transport units.

The 10 advantages and disadvantages of the most important cities

khổng lồ enumerate the benefits & disadvantages of residing in a city, we will focus mainly on those that belong to the European Union.

5 benefits of residing in a đô thị

1- Public transport

In the European Union (EU), more priority is given to the use of public transport, which reduces noise and air pollution by the carbon dioxide emissions produced by the use of the private vehicle.

The closeness between the sleeping cities & the central areas make this important advance possible. Bicycles are also encouraged lớn be used on bicycle lanes.

2- Recycling

The EU is educating, promoting và implementing the recycling Through the classification of waste into fully identified waste containers in public places.

In this way, waste management is performed with fewer complications. Environmental projects have been carried out through the Benchmarking , khổng lồ improve the accounting và measurement of environmental management.

3- Conservation of green spaces

The conservation of green spaces in the cities is an EU goal, it seeks to carry out projects for the reduction of urban expansion, paving and the loss of natural habitats.

Green spaces need khổng lồ be managed in a strategy that implies urban competition policy requirements.

4- Promotion of the sowing of green areas in roofs in buildings

The aim is lớn create new botanical gardens in EU cities. These projects are sponsored by municipalities and environmental organizations.

The aim is lớn reduce noise & run-off by 60%. All the absorbed water evaporates and returns to lớn the atmosphere .

5- Access to public services of education, health and culture

Educational, health & cultural facilities allow citizens of the EU to lớn be satisfied with them, demanding continuous improvements.

This is due khổng lồ the combination of public policies of the States khổng lồ make citizenship of these services easier to lớn access, from which human beings strengthen their values & principles of a diverse society, open and in tìm kiếm of more justice.

5 disadvantages of living in the thành phố

1- Violence

The advent of violence in depressed areas has increased because of unemployment around large cities.

These violent acts range from micro-trafficking and smuggling to trafficking in persons. This phenomenon happens with severity in Asia, Africa và Latin America.

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2- Collapse of public services

Large health centers in EU cities may suffer from truncation or collapse when providing services khổng lồ patients due lớn the saturation of these by citizens, who instead of going lớn primary health centers, Hospitals.

3- Lack of essential public services

The lack of essential public services such as water, electricity, health và education can be caused by the disorderly growth of large cities in developing countries. Municipalities and national governments should coordinate measures lớn reduce this situation.

4- Lack of spaces for people with functional diversity

In developing countries, cities lack spaces for people with functional diversity.

There are more inclusive initiatives in cities such as Mexico City & Santiago de Chile occupied in this area.

5- Shortage of real estate offer

The shortage of real estate for rental and sale in cities is a social problem in developing countries, since there are cases of coexistence of 1 to lớn 3 generations of the same family.

Land ownership should be encouraged và a housing rental market should be active. In Venezuela the housing deficit exceeds two million five hundred thousand homes.

Governments of developing countries must promote public policies to lớn solve the problems of urbanism existing in capital và main cities.

They should also promote the development of rural areas for productive and residential use with the feasibility of offering public services and driving harmonious growth in their cities and remote areas.

Organizations for the development of cities

There are organizations dedicated khổng lồ studying development parameters & problems in cities, such as:

At the regional level, the European Commission (EC), Economic Commission for Latin America (ECLAC) and Inter-American Development bank (IDB). At the global level, the United Nations (UN) và non-governmental organizations (NGOs) conduct studies on the development parameters và problems that cities present. References Adonis, A. & Davies, B. (2015). city Villages, More Homes, Better Communities . London, IPPR Bottino, R. (2009). The City and Urbanization. Historical Studies. Rio de la Planta, Uruguay. Recovered from: estudioshistoricos.org. European Commission (2016). quality of Life in European Cities năm ngoái . Luxembourg, Office for Official Publications of the European Union. Life in the City. Innovative solutions for Europe"s urban environment. Retrieved from: ec.europa.eu. The Dawn of an Urban World. Retrieved from: who.int.