Correct form of the verbs

     

There are up to five forms for each verb: root, third-person singular, present participle, past, & past participle.

Root size of the Verb

The root size of a verb is the base khung of the word. Roots have not been conjugated and do not include prefixes or suffixes.




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The root form of the verb is the same as the infinitive khung with “to” removed. See the examples below:

to see – see

to be – be

to wear – wear

to go – go

The root form of a verb is used to create other forms of the verb when conjugated. This is always true with regular verbs, but may not apply with irregular verbs, depending on the tense. The examples below illustrate this concept.

(Root: eat)

Third Person Singular form of a Verb

The third person singular (he/she/it/one) conjugation is the verb form that tends khổng lồ be different from other conjugations. For regular verbs, this verb form kết thúc in ‑s (or sometimes ‑es). Consider the examples below:he sees

she watches

it shrinks

one does

Present Participle size of a Verb

The present participle verb form is created by adding -ing lớn the root word. It’s used in the past, present, và future progressive verb tenses. Look at the examples below:

(wash – washing)

Past and Past Participle Forms of the Verb

The past and past participle verb form for regular verbs is the root word + ‑ed. It’s only used with the past tenses. Consider the examples below:




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(play – played)

The past participle can be difficult khổng lồ determine for some irregular verbs. It’s best lớn look these up in a dictionary if you’re at all unsure of the past participle. Here are a few examples of irregular verbs:

RootSimple PastPast Participle
SingSangSung
SeeSawSeen
FallFellFallen
GiveGaveGiven
GoWentGone


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