ALEXANDER GRAHAM BELL

     

Contents

Alexander Graham Bell, best known for his invention of the telephone, revolutionized communication as we know it. His interest in sound technology was deep-rooted & personal, as both his wife & mother were deaf. While there’s some controversy over whether Bell was the true pioneer of the telephone, he secured exclusive rights to lớn the technology & launched the Bell Telephone Company in 1877. Ultimately, the talented scientist held more than 18 patents for his inventions and work in communications.

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Birthplace

Alexander Graham Bell was born in Edinburgh, Scotland, on March 3, 1847. Bell’s father was a professor of speech elocution at the University of Edinburgh and his mother, despite being deaf, was an accomplished pianist.


Young Alexander was an intellectually curious child who studied piano và began inventing things at an early age. Both of his brothers passed away from tuberculosis by the time Bell was in his early twenties.

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Education

Initially, Bell’s education consisted of homeschooling. Bell didn’t excel academically, but he was a problem solver from an early age.


When he was just 12, the young Alexander invented a device with rotating paddles & nail brushes that could quickly remove husks from wheat grain lớn help improve a farming process. At age 16, Bell began studying the mechanics of speech.


He went on lớn attend Royal High School & the University of Edinburgh. In 1870, Bell, along with his family, moved to lớn Canada. The following year, he settled in the United States.

While in the U.S., Bell implemented a system his father developed to lớn teach deaf children called “visible speech” — a phối of symbols that represented speech sounds.

In 1872, he opened the School of Vocal Physiology & Mechanics of Speech in Boston, where deaf people were taught lớn speak. At age 26, the budding inventor became Professor of Vocal Physiology và Elocution at the Boston University School of Oratory, even though he didn’t have a university degree.

While teaching, Bell met Mabel Hubbard, a deaf student. The couple married on July 11, 1877. They went on khổng lồ have four children, including two sons who died as infants. 

Telephone

In 1871, Bell started working on the harmonic telegraph — a device that allowed multiple messages to lớn be transmitted over a wire at the same time. While trying khổng lồ perfect this technology, which was backed by a group of investors, Bell became preoccupied with finding a way khổng lồ transmit human voice over wires.

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Other scientists, including Antonio Meucci and Elisha Gray, were working on similar technologies, và there’s some debate over who should be credited with the invention of the telephone. It’s said that Bell raced to the patent office lớn be the first to lớn secure the rights to lớn the discovery.

On March 7, 1876, Bell was granted his telephone patent. A few days later, he made the first-ever telephone hotline to Watson, allegedly uttering the now-famous phrase, “Mr. Watson, come here. I want you.”

By 1877, the Bell Telephone Company, which today is known as AT&T, was created. In 1915, Bell made the first transcontinental phone gọi to Watson from thành phố new york to San Francisco.