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Read the passage & choose the best answerAfter inventing dynamite, Swedish-born Alfred Nobel became a very rich man. However, he foresaw its universally destructive powers too late. Nobel preferred not to lớn be remembered as the inventor of dynamite, so in 1895, just two weeks before his death, he created a fund to be used for awarding prizes to lớn people who had made worthwhile contributions to lớn mankind. Originally there were five awards: literature, physics, chemistry, medicine, & peace. Economics was added in 1968, just sixty-seven years after the first awards ceremony. Nobel"s original legacy of nine million dollars was invested, & the interest on this sum is used for the awards which vary from $30,000 khổng lồ $125,000. Every year on December 10, the anniversary of Nobel"s death, the awards (gold medal, illuminated diploma, và money) are presented to the winners. Sometimes politics plays an important role in the judges" decisions. Americans have won numerous science awards, but relatively few literature prizes. No awards were presented from 1940 to lớn 1942 at the beginning of World War II. Some people have won two prizes, but this is rare; others have shared their prizes. No awards were presented from 1940 to lớn 1942 at the beginning of World War 11. Some people have won two prizes, but this is rare; others have shared their prizes. 

Câu 1:  The word "foresaw" in the first paragraph is nearest in meaning to ________.

A.

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prevailed

B. postponed

C. prevented

D. predicted

Câu 2: The Nobel prize was established in order khổng lồ ________.

A. recognize worthwhile contributions to lớn humanity

B. resolve political differences

C. honor the inventor of dynamite

D. spend money

Câu 3: In which area have Americans received the most awards?

A. Literature

B. Peace

C. Economics

D. Science

Câu 4:  All of the following statements are true EXCEPT ________.

A. Awards vary in monetary value

B. ceremonies are held on December 10 lớn commemorate Nobel"s invention

C. Politics plays an important role in selecting the winners

D. A few individuals have won two awards

Câu 5: In how many fields are prizes bestowed? 

A. 2

B. 5

C. 6

D.

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10

Câu 6: It is implied that Nobel"s profession was in ________.

A. chemistry

B. medicine

C. literature

D. science

Câu 7: In the first paragraph, "worthwhile" is closest in meaning lớn ________.

A. economic

B. prestigious

C. trivial

D. valuable

Câu 8: How much money did Nobel leaves for the prizes?

A. $30,000

B. $125,000

C. $155,000

D. from $30,000 to $125,000

Câu 9: What is the main idea of this passage?

A. Alfred Nobel became very rich when he invented dynamite.

B. Alfred Nobel created awards in six categories for contributions to lớn humanity.

C. Alfred Nobel left all of his money lớn science

D.

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Alfred Nobel made a lasting contribution khổng lồ humanity

Câu 10: The word "legacy" in the second paragraph means most nearly the same as ________.