ESSAY ON ADVANTAGES AND DISADVANTAGES OF TOURISM

     

This post will highlight some of the common disadvantages of tourism, and the negative impacts it can have on destinations when it is not managed in a sustainable way.




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Tourists are causing erosion at Petra in Jordan by touching the stone

Environmental disadvantages of tourism

The negative impacts of tourism on the environment are often the most publicised and talked about. They are easier for us khổng lồ physically see & quantify, so it can be easier khổng lồ talk about them. But the impacts that tourism can have on the environment are very complex & can be both direct and indirect. The environment is a complicated web of ecosystems, & one small action can have rippling effects throughout an entire area or species. This is by no means an exhaustive các mục of the negative things tourism can vị to our environment. But some of the issues listed are a bit easier khổng lồ quantify, where tourism has a direct impact.

Intense use of resources

Tourists, like all people, use resources such as water & energy. However many popular tourist destinations around the world are already dealing with resource scarcities, and tourism can severely exacerbate the problem. Tourism as an industry is a massive overuser of water. Swimming pools & golf courses require a lot of water, & I can’t think of something more synonymous with a holiday than a swimming pool. Tourists themselves tend khổng lồ use more water than when they are at home, and doing their laundry can consume a lot of water và energy. Cooling and/or heating large hotels and resort complexes & their swimming pools also require a lot of electricity.




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Physical damage lớn natural và marine areas

Tourism takes place in some of the most pristine, yet fragile natural areas in the world. Hiking in the rainforest, snorkelling in coral reefs and climbing alpine mountains are just some of the many activities that can physically impact và damage the natural environment. Vegetation can be damaged having tourists continually trampling over the same paths (and often going off the path too). Corals are damaged by boats và anchors, và tourists (accidentally or not) touching và breaking them. This damage has major flow-on effects on the wider ecosystems và can indirectly impact entire ecosystems và species.


Increased waste, pollution và emissions

From rubbish lớn sewerage, carbon emissions from transport carriers and water pollution – tourism produces a lot of unwanted waste. In many lesser developed countries around the world, tourism has come on quicker than their local infrastructure can handle, and disposing of the increased waste tourists bring has proven troublesome. Sewerage can end up in local rivers & lakes, & rubbish can be burnt or end up in the ocean. & transporting tourists from point A lớn B, by planes, in particular, releases a ton of carbon emissions into our atmosphere.

Land use and infrastructure development

Tourists need places to lớn stay, airports for planes to lớn land in và ports for boats to lớn depart from. Natural areas are often cleared khổng lồ make way for this construction, displacing animals and destroying forests or wetlands. A lot of tourism occurs in coastal areas, and building hotels and resorts right along the coastline can have major impacts on the ocean & surrounding reefs due to lớn erosion và sand runoff. The same goes for constructing marinas & ports, where sand mining and dredging can have disastrous consequences for marine ecosystems.




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The disadvantages of tourism: Conclusion

As I mentioned previously, this các mục is by no means exhaustive và unfortunately there is a range of other disadvantages of tourism. The problems tourism can cause in destinations around the world are complicated và entangled with other deep societal issues such as development, globalisation & colonialism. The purpose of sharing these negative impacts was to highlight that tourism is not a perfect industry. Và as travellers, we should be aware of the damage that we can contribute to when we travel. But it’s not all bad news! Tourism, when managed sustainably, has the opportunity to contribute to positive change for our planet. Và there are countless examples of the positive impacts of tourism!

What do you think? Have you experienced some of these disadvantages of tourism first hand? Can you think of any other negative impacts tourism can have on the economy, culture và environment? Let me know your thoughts in the comments below.

Looking for more posts about sustainable travel?


Sally

Hi there, I"m Sally! Travelling, & discovering our earth is what sets my soul on fire. I believe that travel doesn"t need lớn cost the earth, both in the amount of money we spend exploring it, and the impact our travels have on it. I have spent years studying sustainable tourism at university, & I have a Bachelor of Business (Tourism Management) và a Graduate Certificate of Sustainable Tourism Management. I always have itchy feet, & have spent countless months backpacking through Southeast Asia, living in Borneo, exploring different parts of Australia, & my current adventure is travelling through Latin America. Through Sally Sees I hope khổng lồ inspire you lớn travel cheaper, & kinder.